| Justin age 9, Medford, Oregon |
We are talking about Fire Prevention month in our school. Do you have any information I could share?
Yes Justin, Having a plan in case of fire at home and your school is very important . Here are a few tips.
Fire Safety in the home is the responsibility of every member of your family. There are a few things that you should do, along with the rest of the family. This is so everyone knows what they have to do in the event fire strikes your home. Remember, your home and property can be replaced. You or a family member can not.
The first thing you and your family needs to do when getting started with fire prevention planning is to make a Home Escape Plan. Developing and practicing a home fire escape plan that everyone understands can mean the difference between life and death. Fire can grow and spread through your home very quickly. It's important that you be prepared to react as soon as the smoke alarm sounds.Make sure your family establishes and knows where the
Family Meeting Place is out in the yard. This is so everyone can be accounted for.
Rescue Rick and "MAX" always say NEVER GO BACK IN...
"When Fire Strikes: Get Out, Stay Out".
Do not go back in the house for any reason. Firefighters wear special breathing and protective gear,and are specially trained to enter a smoke filled building. Max and I don't want you to become a victim.
The first person that makes it to the meeting place needs to go to the neighbors house and call 911. Give the 911 dispatcher your name, your house number, your street name, and city where your house is. Hang up the phone and return to the family meeting place to await fire department's arrival. Once the fire department arrives advise them if anyone is still in the house and their location. Rescuing people is the fire department's first priority.
Smoke detectors need to be installed in your home on every floor level. They need to be located outside of every bedroom door or outside groups of 3 bedroom doors. Install detectors down the hallway away from bathroom doors and in another room just adjacent to kitchen areas.
Test smoke detectors weekly to ensure proper operations. Each detector needs to be vacuumed out of dust with a vacuum cleaner or blow out with a bottle of compressed air twice a year. Replace batteries with new ones, twice a year whether they need it or not. The best time to do this is when the time changes in the spring and fall.
Do fire drills with the family once a month and go over the location of the meeting place.
Install dry chemical ABC fire extinguishers at each exit of your kitchen area. Do not locate fire extinguishers next to the stove. If you have a stove fire you may not be able to reach them.
Have fire extinguishers checked yearly to ensure proper operations. Check gauges often to see if they are charged and pins are still secured. Make sure you know the proper operations of the extinguishers.
Using a portable fire extinguisher - Remember the word PASS:
Pull the pin.This unlocks the operating lever.
Aim low. Point the fire extinguisher nozzle or horn at the base of the fire
Squeeze the lever or button above the handle.
Sweep from side to side until the flames appear to be out*. Even if you think you have extinguished the fire, there could be a flare up again.
*Important: Rescue Rick and "Max" recommend that portable fire extinguishers be used by adults only. Children should be taught to prevent and escape a fire, not to fight one.
If your clothes catch on fire follow the stop drop and roll rule.
"Stop, Drop, Roll and Cool"
The Stop, Drop, Roll and Cool procedure should be used to extinguish flames and lessen burn injuries if your clothing catches fire:
STOP immediately where you are. STOP and DROP to the ground. ROLL over and over, covering your face and mouth with your hands (this will prevent flames from burning your face and smoke from entering your lungs. Roll over and over until the flames are extinguished.
COOL the burn with cool water for 10-15 minutes. Get help from a grown-up and emergency responders if needed.